Least Action

Nontrivializing triviality..and vice versa.

Thermal Noise Engines

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I just stumbled upon an interesting paper today on arXiv, from a researcher at the Department of Electrical Engineering at Texas A&M University. I am copying the abstract entry on the pre-print archive below.

Thermal noise engines

Authors:Laszlo B. Kish
(Submitted on 29 Sep 2010 (v1), last revised 20 Oct 2010 (this version, v5))

Electrical heat engines driven by the Johnson-Nyquist noise of resistors are introduced. They utilize Coulomb’s law and the fluctuation-dissipation theorem of statistical physics that is the reverse phenomenon of heat dissipation in a resistor. No steams, gases, liquids, photons, combustion, phase transition, or exhaust/pollution are present here. In these engines, instead of heat reservoirs, cylinders, pistons and valves, resistors, capacitors and switches are the building elements. For the best performance, a large number of parallel engines must be integrated to run in a synchronized fashion and the characteristic size of the elementary engine must be at the 10 nanometers scale. At room temperature, in the most idealistic case, a two-dimensional ensemble of engines of 25 nanometer characteristic size integrated on a 2.5×2.5cm silicon wafer with 12 Celsius temperature difference between the warm-source and the cold-sink would produce a specific power of about 0.4 Watt. Regular and coherent (correlated-cylinder states) versions are shown and both of them can work in either four-stroke or two-stroke modes. The coherent engines have properties that correspond to coherent quantum heat engines without the presence of quantum coherence. In the idealistic case, all these engines have Carnot efficiency, which is the highest possible efficiency of any heat engine,without violating the second law of thermodynamics.

Direct Link: http://arxiv.org/abs/1009.5942

This is a very interesting paper. Who knows what the future has in store for us…quantum thermal power stations?

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Written by Vivek

October 23, 2010 at 00:20

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